Cis 505 Term Paper Networking Tools

Compose an executive summary highlighting the paper’s contents and reasoning for your chosen topic. Domain Name System Security Extensions, DNSSC, is a tool employed to aid in the security of the internet by preventing DNS protocol attacks. DNSSEC provides origin authentication of DNS data, data integrity, and authenticated denial of existence. I’ve chosen DNSSEC as my topic because I think security at all levels is important, and I think delving into the specifics of security at the domain name level is worth researching. I also found it interesting in the level of compliance across the globe and even more appalling compliance within united states based companies with this feature of security, which seams so easy to implement, and provide such a great deal of protection for clients, consumers, and others who would require the use of DNS for ecommerce and internet surfing. DNSSEC was introduced in 1990 when the major flaw in DNS was discovered. Immediately steps were taken in attempts to secure DNS interactions. However, it wasn’t until 2011 that DNSSEC was actually employed on US .gov registry through the company Verisign. DNSSEC requires that the root zone files be signed in order for them to be validated. There are four major entities that manage the root zone files:  ICANN – not-for profit Corporation contracted by United States Department of Commerce  National Telecommunications and Information Administration – office within United States Department of Commerce  VeriSign – United States based for-profit company contracted by US Government  An international group of root server operators

Research networking (RN) is about using web-based tools to identify, locate, and use research and scholarly information about people and resources. Research networking tools (RN tools) serve as knowledge management systems for the research enterprise. RN tools connect institution-level/enterprise systems, national research networks, publicly available research data (e.g., grants and publications), and restricted/proprietary data by harvesting information from disparate sources into compiled expertise profiles for faculty, investigators, scholars, clinicians, community partners, and facilities. RN tools facilitate the development of new collaborations and team science to address new or existing research challenges through the rapid discovery and recommendation of researchers, expertise, and resources.[1][2]

RN tools differ from search engines such as Google in that they access information in databases and other data not limited to web pages. They also differ from social networking systems such as LinkedIn or Facebook in that they represent a compendium of data ingested from authoritative and verifiable sources rather than predominantly individually posted information, making RN tools more reliable.[3] Yet, RN tools have sufficient flexibility to allow for profile editing. RN tools also provide resources to bolster human connector systems:[4] they can make non-intuitive matches, they do not depend on serendipity, and they do not have a propensity to return only to previously identified collaborations/collaborators. RN tools also generally have associated analytical capabilities that enable evaluation of collaboration and cross-disciplinary research/scholarly activity, especially over time.

Researcher networking tools and research profiling systems can help researchers gain recognition for their work in the increasingly crowded publication environment. Active promotion of scholarship has become another aspect of the publication cycle. Recent years have seen a proliferation of both commercial and non-profit services that help researchers increase visibility and recognition of their work. A plethora of digital researcher services exist in an effort to enhance discoverability, shareability, and citability of researchers and their scholarship. According to Shanks and Arlitsch[5], digital researcher services fall into three categories:

  1. Author/Researcher Identification—these services provide some necessary infrastructure that may be used in the other two categories, such as unique identifiers and name disambiguation.
  2. Academic and Professional Networking—most succinctly described as “social networking for academics,” these services focus on connecting users based on research interest, affiliation, geography, or other variables.
  3. Reference and Citation Management—while these tools and services include some of the functionality and features of other categories, they are distinct given their primary focus on management of citations that a researcher compiles for use within a publication or for sharing with other researchers.

Importantly, data harvested into robust RN tools is accessible for broad repurposing, especially if available as Linked Open Data (RDF triples). These RN tools enhance research support activities by providing data for customized, up-to-date web pages, CV/biosketch generation, and data tables for grant proposals.

The following tables compare research networking (RN) software.


This table provides general information for each tool: name, developing institution, external links to information, whether the code is Open Source and known adopters of the software.

Research Networking ToolLink to Product PageDeveloper/OwnerOpen SourceAdopters
Activity InsightActivity InsightDigital MeasuresNoHundreds of major research institutions around the world
C-IKNOW[6][7]C-IKNOWScience of Networks in Communities (SONIC) - Northwestern UniversityYesNational Cancer Institute, National Science Foundation
PROFILES by Mentis® (formerly Collaborative Partnership / Profile System)PROFILES by Mentis® (formerly Collaborative Partnership and Research Expertise at UT Arlington)Inknowledge, Inc (previously University of Texas at Arlington)No (Profiles is available in a free forever plan)UT Arlington, UT Pan American, University of North Texas Health Science Center, UT El Paso, UT San Antonio, UT Tyler, UT Health Science Center, University of North Texas (formerly), UT Dallas, UT Health Center at Tyler, Texas Christian University, Gulf Coast Consortia: Rice University, Baylor College of Medicine and several others)
Community Academic Profiles - CAPCommunity Academic ProfilesStanford UniversityNoStanford University
ConverisConverisThomson ReutersNoUnknown
CurvitaTM Profile ManagerCurvita Profile ManagerSciMed SolutionsNoUniversity of North Carolina, University of Virginia, Duke University
CUSP - Columbia University Scientific ProfilesCUSPColumbia UniversityNoColumbia University
Digital VitaDigitalVitaCenter for Dental Informatics - University of PittsburghYesUniversity of Pittsburgh, Pitt Health Sciences Center
Elsevier's Pure (now integrated with SciVal Experts)PureElsevierNo220 implementations worldwide containing profiles for over 160,000 researcher profiles. See Pure client list.
Elsevier's SciValSciVal[permanent dead link]ElsevierNoOver 200 adopters worldwide
Epernicus Solutions & Epernicus NetworkEpernicusEpernicusNo (but Epernicus Network is free to use)Harvard, MIT, Indiana University, Stanford, University of California Berkeley (but not exclusively)
EpistemioEpistemioEpistemioNoN/A (platform is directed toward individual researcher use)
ERIM Member Profile System (ERIM MIS)People ERIM People profile systemErasmus Research Institute of Management, Erasmus UniversityRotterdam, NetherlandsNoErasmus University
EUREKA!TM Enhancing Student ResearchEUREKAUniversity of Texas at Austin (UTA)NoUniversity of Texas at Austin
Expertise @ MarylandUM ExpertsUniversity of MarylandYes (will be)University of Maryland College Park
Faculty Profile SystemUC Irvine Faculty Profile SystemUniversity of California IrvineNoUC Irvine
Faculty Profiles SystemStony Brook University Faculty Profiles SystemStony Brook UniversityNoStony Brook University
Faculty Research Information Profile (FRIP)Discontinued. Work on this system ceased; moved on to developing Digital VitaUniversity of PittsburghN/A(formerly) University of Pittsburgh
Faculty Scholarly Productivity IndexAcademic AnalyticsAcademic Analytics, LLCNoUnknown
GENIUSInfoEd GENIUSInfoEd GlobalNoMany Big Ten/CIC institutions
GoogleGoogle search generated from an institution's home page or Google search limited to only one domain (e.g. (but anyone can access Google)Anyone can access
HUBzeroHUBzeroPurdue UniversityYes[8]Indiana CTSI, Indiana University, Purdue University, Notre Dame
iamResearcheriamResearcherUniversity of Southampton, UKUnknownN/A (platform is directed toward individual researcher use)
i2iConnecti2iConnectIndiana UniversityNo (but original software from ThemesJoomla is)N/A (platform is directed toward individual researcher use)
InCitesInCitesThomson ReutersNoUnknown
INDURE (Indiana Database for University Research Expertise)INDUREIndiana University / Purdue UniversityNoBall State, Indiana University, Purdue University, University of Notre Dame
IRIS (Institutional Research Information System)IRISCINECAYes (will be in CERIF mode in first half of 2016)60 universities[9]
KnodeKnodeKnodeNoMultiple, anyone can use, collaborating with VIVO and UCSF
Lattes PlatformLattesCNPq - BrazilUnknownN/A (Platform is directed toward individual researcher use in Brazil)
LatticeGrid[10]LatticeGrid public WikiNorthwestern University Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (NUCATS) - Biomedical Informatics Center (NUBIC)YesNorthwestern Feinberg School of Medicine & Cancer Center, UCSF Cancer Center, Fox Chase Cancer Center, University of Michigan, Case Western University
LinkedInLinkedInLinkedInNo (but LinkedIn is free to use)N/A (Platform is directed toward individual researcher use. Millions of users are registered globally.)
Life Science NetworkLife Science NetworkLife Science Network gGmbHYes (upon request)Anyone can use.
Loki[11]LokiUniversity of IowaNoUniversity of Iowa Institute for Clinical and Translational Science
LyteratiLyteratiEntigence CorporationNoGeorge Washington University, The New School, Lehigh University
McCormick Collaboration Visualization ToolCollaboration at McCormickNorthwestern UniversityNoMcCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science at Northwestern University
MendeleyMendeleyMendeleyNoAnyone can use
MizzouLinksnone availableUniversity of MissouriUnknownUniversity of Missouri
MyScienceWorkMyScienceWorkUnknownNo (but anyone can register and use the network)Anyone can register and use. The network is directed at the individual researcher
OSU:proOSU:proOhio State UniversityNo (but can be licensed)Ohio State University
PivotPivotProQuest, LLCNo100 university campuses and research organizations globally
Portfolio/ShowroomPortfolio/ShowroomUniversity of Applied Arts ViennaYes (starting 2019)
Profiles Research Networking SoftwareProfilesHarvard UniversityYes (BSD license)Harvard, UCSF, and many others (see Profiles users )
REACH NC Life Science Experts Visualization ToolREACH NCRENCI (Renaissance Computing Institute, a collaboration between University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Duke University and North Carolina State University) DukeResearch Triangle InstituteUniversity of North Carolina General AdministrationNo (but free to the public)Appalachian State UniversityDuke UniversityEast Carolina UniversityElizabeth City State UniversityFayetteville State UniversityNC A&TNorth Carolina Central UniversityNorth Carolina State UniversityRTI InternationalUNC-AshevilleUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillUNC-CharlotteUNC-GreensboroUNC-PembrokeUNC-WilmingtonWestern Carolina UniversityWinston-Salem State University
Research AcceleratorYCCI Research AcceleratorResearchAccelerator.orgUnknownYale University
ResearcherIDResearcherIDThomson ReutersNo (but ResearcherID network is free to access and use by individual users)N/A (Platform is directed toward individual researcher use)
ScholarBridgeScholarBridgeScholarBridge LLCNo14 university members and free access for any individual student or researcher
SciENcvSciENcvA pilot program sponsored by the Federal Demonstration Partnership and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) supported by the STAR METRICS programYesSponsored by the Federal Demonstration Partnership and the NSTC's interagency groups: Research Business Model (RBM) and Science of Science Policy (SoSP)
Symplectic ElementsSymplectic ElementsSymplecticNo (However, an open source VIVO Harvester extension is available.)80+ major research institutions around the world, including the University of Cambridge (UK), University of Oxford (UK), University of Melbourne (AUS), Duke University (US), University of Auckland (NZ), Cornell University (US), Georgia Tech (US). (see Some of Symplectic's clients)
UNIWebUNIWebProximifyNoUniversity of Ottawa, McGill University, Dalhousie University, University of British Columbia Okanagan Campus, École de technologie supérieure, CIMVHR
VIVO[1][12]VIVODuraspaceYes[13]Cornell University, University of Florida, Washington University in St. Louis, Weill Cornell Medical College, Indiana University, Ponce School of Medicine, Scripps Research Institute, Duke University, University of Colorado at Boulder, Northwestern University, University of Nebraska, University of Melbourne, Griffith University, Chinese Academy of Sciences, etc. There are currently over 140 VIVO implementations in the United States and international VIVO projects in over 25 countries.[14]
WorkWebWebWork at archive.orgColumbia UniversityNoColumbia University
Yaffle[15][16]YaffleMemorial University of NewfoundlandYesMemorial University of Newfoundland

Data sources, ingest and export formats[edit]

This table provides information on the types of data used in each RN tool and how this data is ingested, along with data export formats (e.g. XML, RDF, RIS, PDF)

Research Networking ToolData Source / Infeed FunctionalityAuto Ingest?Linked Open Data?Data Export Types
Academic RoomManual entry of data by users. May be some auto-ingest of PubMed citation dataUnknownUnknownUnknown
Activity InsightInformation typically imported from the following sources: PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Web of Science, RefWorks, Banner, Datatel, PeopleSoft, CampusVue, Jenzabar, Sedona, EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, BiBTeX, a RESTful web services API, CSV Data Imports, etc. Also supports various methods of manual entry.YesYesRTF, XLS, CSV, PDF, HTML, XML
C-IKNOWNetwork Surveys, automated upload for any kind of network data including archival, scientometric, webometric and computer log data. Also import data in GraphML, RDF, and DL (used by UCINET)Yes(for defined data)YesRDF, XML/RDF
PROFILES by Mentis® (formerly Collaborative Partnership / Profile System)Automated or on-demand import from PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, Banner, PeopleSoft, Web Services, Flat files and Manual Entry. Can be easily configured with any institutional subscription or database.YesYesRTF, XLS, CSV, PDF, HTML, XML, JSON
Community Academic Profiles - CAPCAP automatically generates a profile for all faculty, physicians, students, postdocs and staff (both academic and administrative) in the School of Medicine. Data flows automatically from a variety of source systems.YesUnknownUnknown
ConverisDefault connection to Thomson ReutersWeb of Science, Scopus, oubmed, europubmed, etc. Ay internal data feed (HR, finance can be configured)Yes—can be pre-populated and alerts recommend new dataYes—can be used to power VIVOXML, .mbb, XLS
CurvitaTM Profile ManagerInformation collected from university systemsYesUnknownUnknown
CUSP - Columbia University Scientific ProfilesDatabases for employees and grants; PubMed for publicationsYesUnknownUnknown
Digital VitaPubMed, some from HR system, direct input from investigators. System authenticates users through an application developed by the IT group that supports the Senior Vice Chancellor of Health Sciences; that system accesses the HR system for data about employees' rank and status (active or not), working with the grants office to get a regular report of data from their proposal database. Manually entered publications/presentations are automatically forwarded to co-authors.Yes (Some)YesPDF, RTF
Elsevier's Pure (now integrated with SciVal Experts)Sources include Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, Mendeley, arXiv, Worldcat, CrossRef, Journal TOC, CAB Abstracts, SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System and SciVal Funding opportunities; Data from institutions' internal systems, including HR data, grants, publications, patents, core facilities/resources, etc. Researchers or proxy users can enter additional content into the profiles, including research statements, research interest keywords, publications, grants, patents, books, creative works, education, researcher datasets, press clippings, awards and honors; free text can also be imported. Integration with all major institutional repositories.YesYesXML, RDF, SPARQL, CSV, CERIF XML, MS Word, Excel, PDF, ATOM/XML web services, EndNote/Reference Manager, BibTex, various government assessment submission formats
Elsevier's SciValScopus and ScienceDirect usage dataYesNoCSV, PDF, PNG, JPEG
Epernicus Solutions & Epernicus NetworkData entered by applicantNoUnknownUnknown
ERIM Member Profile System (ERIM MIS)ERIM MIS database, Erasmus Publication Repository, Oracle portalYesUnknownUnknown
EUREKA!TM Enhancing Student ResearchInformation about faculty research interestsNoUnknownUnknown
Expertise @ MarylandCentral university faculty databaseYesUnknownUnknown
Faculty Profile SystemManually entered data about the faculty (faculty can enter, a proxy can enter, or designated staff work on maintaining profiles)No (Faculty status verified by comparison with UC Irvine HR's Academic Personnel system)UnknownUnknown
Faculty Research Information Profile (FRIP)Discontinued. Work on this system ceased; moved on to developing Digital VitaN/AN/AN/A
Faculty Scholarly Productivity IndexFSP Database (2007–2008)YesUnknownUnknown
GENIUSInfoEd proprietary grant funding databasesYes (But only of InfoEd database data. Faculty profile information must be entered manually.)UnknownUnknown
GoogleInstitution's directory, news releases, and other institutional websitesYesYesMany types, depending on the format of the file retrieved.
HUBzeroComprehensive portal to support virtual research organizations including modular Web 2.0 tools, modeling and simulation tools, computational integration, identity management, workflow, personal profile management, data management, educationYesYesUnknown
i2iConnectListings of industry licensing representatives categorized by product and disease categories with matchmaking and collaborator discovery featuresYesUnknownUnknown
InCitesThomson ReutersWeb of Science, ESI, JCRNoNoXML, .mbb, XLS
INDURE (Indiana Database for University Research Expertise)Faculty-entered information about research, faculty home pagesYes? (Partial?)UnknownUnknown
Lattes DatabaseUnknownUnknownUnknownUnknown
LatticeGridMedical School Faculty database, PubMed, InfoEd, Northwestern's eIRB databaseYesYesMicrosoft Word, Excel, PDF
LinkedInInformation entered manually by userNoUnknownUnknown
Life Science NetworkPubMed / Information entered manually by user.NoYesCSV (for some modules).
LokiLocal Medline, PubMed, local NSF award database, local NIH RePORTER database, campus directory servicesYes (Partial)UnknownUnknown
LyteratiPubMed, Google Scholar, BibTex, Ellucian, PeopleSoft, Workday, RESTful APIs, Template Driven Imports, CSV, Excel, Manual Entry Using Webpages, Faculty CVsYesUnknownPDF, MS Word, Excel, CSV, Web Services
McCormick Collaboration Visualization ToolThomson Reuters Web of ScienceYesUnknownUnknown
MizzouLinksInformation collected from interviews and imported from a few institutional systemsNoUnknownUnknown
MyScienceWorkInformation input by userNoUnknownUnknown
OSU:proOSU systemsYesUnknownUnknown
PivotCombines editorially created data on funding opportunities and profiles. Profile data sources from publicly available university organization and faculty member/researcher information, user-generated data, PubMed, Agricola, ERIC, and ProQuest citation databases, indexed faculty/researcher webpages.Yes (for all citation data from sources listed in DataSource. Profiles editorially created, but user-generated profiles also included)NoUnknown
Profiles Research Networking SoftwareHR systems, PubMed, NIH RePORTER, commercial sources of publication data, institution-provided and user managed dataYesYesXML, RDF, SPARQL
REACH NC Life Science Experts Visualization ToolSciVal Experts, RAMSESYesYesRSI, CSV, Web-service API
Research AcceleratorInformation entered by individual membersNoUnknownUnknown
ResearcherIDManually entered biographical and bibliographical information. Members can search Web of Science, Web of Knowledge, and other online collections, or manually enter publication data. Accounts can be created by individuals or by administrators using a web service.Yes (Partial; profiles created by administrators are pre-populated for individuals to review.)NoNone
SciENcvInformation that would normally be found in a curriculum vitae or biosketchYesUnknownUses open data exchange standards
Symplectic ElementsCustom import from any internal data source via API, out of the box automatic bibliographic import (subject to subscriptions where appropriate) from arXiv, Cinii, CrossRef, DBLP, Europe PMC, figshare, PubMed, RePeC, Scopus, Web of Science, with more planned. Secure ORCID integration also available. In-feed from HR/Identity systems, internal grant databases. Integration with all major repository technologies.Yes Through integrated portals like VIVO and Profiles RNSYes Source for linked dataCSV, CERIF XML, MS Word, Excel, PDF (APA6), ATOM/XML web services, EndNote/Reference Manager, BibTex, RDF (Linked Data),

various government assessment submission formats

UNIWebUsers can enter their CV or bibliographic data manually, or import from the Canadian Common CV, PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Web of Science, Bibtek, Endnote.UnknownUnknownXML, MS Word, Excel
VIVOPubMed, NIH RePORTER, PeopleSoft, internal HR & administrative databases, Scopus (with institutional license), Web of Science (with institutional license); emphasis on verified data sources, many many others being ingested at various institutions.Yes (manual data entry possible, too)YesRDF, GraphXML, CSV file
YaffleMemorial University systemsYesUnknownUnknown

Data interoperability and integration[edit]

This table provides information on whether the research networking tool is compatible with institutional enterprise systems (e.g. human resources databases), can be integrated with other external products or add-ons, and can be used for regional, national, international or federated connectivity.

Research Networking ToolInteroperability with Institutional Enterprise SystemsInteroperability with External SystemsIntegration with Add-on Components or ProductsRegional, National, International or Federated Connectivity?
Academic RoomNounknownunknownThe system is voluntary, so national and international by active inclusion
Activity InsightYes (Banner, Datatel, PeopleSoft, CampusVue, Jenzabar, etc.)Yes (Google Scholar, Scopus, Web of Science, RefWorks, etc.)Yes (EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, tools which generate BiBTeX, CSV or XML files)No
C-IKNOWNoYes(is possible)UnknownNo
PROFILES by Mentis® (formerly Collaborative Partnership / Profile System)YesYes (has API, works with Elsevier PURE, Activity Insight, VIVO etc.)Yes (funding opportunities from (National and International)
Community Academic Profiles - CAPYesYesYesNo
ConverisYes (Bisynchronous and one way operations with institution's enterprise system both possible.)Yes (Yes, Web of Science, ORCID, pubmed, europubmed.)Yes (Integrates with Pentaho Research Analytics module and InCites)No
CurvitaTM Profile ManagerYesYesUnknownNo
CUSP - Columbia University Scientific ProfilesNoYes PubMed onlyUnknownNo
Digital VitaNoYes (only PubMed)UnknownYes National federated connectivity through DIRECT2Experts
Elsevier's Pure (now integrated with SciVal Experts)Yes institutions have access to Web Services in order to feed data into internal databases; Web Services can be consumed as directed by institution. Pure currently ingests a range of data from institutions' own systems, including grants data, HR data, institutional repositories, publication databases, book listings and more.Yes Scopus, PubMed, NIH RePORTER, SciVal Funding, Embase, Mendeley, arXiv, Worldcat, CrossRef, JournalTOC, CAB Abstracts, SAO/NSA Astrophysics Data System, Web of Science, institution's internal databases, including HR data, grants, publications, patents, etc.Yes the Funding Discovery module within Pure integrates with SciVal Funding, automatically recommending funding opportunities and suggested collaborators to profiled researchers with no manual effort. Pure also integrates with SciVal to allow easy analysis of your researcher impact with the benchmark capabilities of SciVal.Yes the Pure Experts Community interconnects all participating Pure Portal applications internationally into a single search (participation is voluntary); additional functionality enables users to search across different institutions participating in DIRECT2experts network (including VIVO instances, Harvard Profiles, Stanford CAP, etc.). Institutions can participate in VIVO through Pure
Elsevier's SciValYes (Institutions have access to the API with Scopus data in order to feed data into internal databases.)Yes (Integrates with Pure.)Yes (Scopus & ScienceDirect)No
Epernicus Solutions & Epernicus NetworkYes (Possible, for Epernicus Solutions)NoUnknownNo
ERIM Member Profile System (ERIM MIS)YesYes ID resolver included, so links to external systems are created, like SSRN, ResearcherID, Google scholar alerts & Search, social mention search from personal page, MEEBO sharing possible, Tynt statistics includedUnknownNo
EUREKA!TM Enhancing Student ResearchNoNoUnknownNo
Expertise @ MarylandMay be possibleNoUnknownNo
Faculty Profile SystemNoNoUnknownNo
Faculty Research Information Profile (FRIP)Discontinued. Work on this system ceased; moved on to developing Digital VitaN/AN/AN/A
Faculty Scholarly Productivity IndexUnknownUnknownUnknownNo
GENIUSYesYes Only other InfoEd modules (SMARTS: Service that automatically sends notices of funding opportunities via email. You provide keywords that describe your research interests, and SMARTS matches those keywords with present funding programs; SPIN: Enables subscribers to directly search for all sponsored programs, past and present, contained within the InfoEd database)UnknownNo
HUBzeroNoYes PubMed; data is semantic web compliant as of August 2011PossiblyNo
iAMscientistNoYes PubMedUnknownNo
InCitesYes (Institutions have access to Web Services in order to feed data into internal databases.)Yes (Integrates with Converis.)Yes (Web of Science, ResearcherID)No
INDURE (Indiana Database for University Research Expertise)NoNoUnknownYes for 4 Indiana institutions only
Lattes DatabaseUnknownUnknownUnknownUnknown
LatticeGridYes InfoEd, eIRB, Medical School faculty databaseYes (PubMed)Yes (Possible)Yes National federated connectivity through DIRECT2Experts
Life Science NetworkNoYes (Pubmed)NoNo
LokiYes PossibleYesUnknownNo
LyteratiYes (Ellucian, PeopleSoft, Workday InfoEd, Coeus)Yes (PubMed, VIVO, Google Scholar, BibTex or CSV Sources)Yes (BibTex and CSV)Yes, capable
McCormick Collaboration Visualization ToolNoYes Only Thomson Reuters Web of ScienceUnknownNo
Profiles Research Networking SoftwareYesYes Pubmed, commercial sources of publication data, semantic web applications via VIVO ontology.YesYes Profiles Users Group has regular conference calls and works on collaborative software development projects. Profiles can perform federated queries across other Profiles instances, and with other products using linked open data (VIVO ontology) and the DIRECT2Experts API.
REACH NC Life Science Experts Visualization ToolYesYes Through SciVal APINoNo
Research AcceleratorNoNoUnknownNo
ResearcherIDNoYes Through ResearcherID download service, institutions can load data into their internal systems. Also is integrated with other Thomson Reuters offerings, including Web of Knowledge, EndNote, and Research In ViewUnknownNo
SciENcvYes (is possible through open data exchange standards)YesUnknownNo
Symplectic ElementsYes Clients have the ability to integrate with existing web profile management systems, export data for business intelligence solutions and easily submit research outcomes for various government assessment exercises. This includes HR, publications, teaching activities, grants, institutional repositories, and any other system providing or consuming research data.Yes Elements integrates with a variety of external systems including: Altmetric, figshare, ORCID, SHERPA/RoMEO (licensing information), DOAJ (licensing information)Yes Elements can be linked to all major open repository technologies and an open source VIVO Harvester extension is also available.No
VIVOYes Data can be ingested from a wide variety of local sources (including HR, grants, course databases, institutional repositories, membership rosters, research interests, and many others) to reflect a complete view of the institution's priorities and efforts.Yes see mini-grants <>; eagle-i; Drupal; many others - any tool that can consume open linked data. Other ongoing collaborations with Wellspring (maintaining VIVO profiles with a focus upon tech transfer and also as a 3rd party implementation service provider) and with Symplectic.Yes VIVO collaborates with eagle-I on research resources. Future plans include adding many additional data types which are meaningful in the academic research setting. VIVO data are structured using a comprehensive ontology designed for local extension and major ontology "plugins" such as BIBO and eagle-i.Yes VIVO Consortium received $12.2M NIH ARRA U24 award in 2009 to fully develop software and create national system of federated research expertise directories/research networking systems; All other semantic web-compliant software platforms can be integrated into the consortium (example: Harvard Profiles). Participant in Direct2Experts and VIVO Search
YaffleNoNoUnknownThe Canadian research funding councils as well as knowledge mobilization networks across the country (governments and universities) are working to develop a model to share what Yaffle has built

Users profiled, user interactivity and networking functionality[edit]

This table provides information on what user population is profiled for each tool, ability for users to edit their own profile data and type of networking. Active networking means that the user can enter connections to the network by entering colleagues' names. Passive networking means that the software infers network connections from a user's publication co-authors and builds a network from these names.

Research Networking ToolProfiled User PopulationCan Users Update Their Own Profile Data?Type of Networking (Active or Passive)Includes Functionality to Match Expertise with Funding Opportunities
Academic RoomAnyone can create a profile. Profiled categories include "Faculty", "Grad Students", "Undergrads", "Professionals"YesActiveNo
Activity InsightFaculty, Staff, Graduate StudentsYesActive and PassiveYes
C-IKNOWDefined using Web of science ID or on an ad hoc basisNoActive and PassiveNo
PROFILES by Mentis® (formerly Collaborative Partnership / Profile System)Faculty, Students, Staff, Equipment Owners, Research Centers, Facilities, Technologies, Units etc. as per institution's needsYesActive and PassiveYes
Community Academic Profiles - CAPActive Stanford physicians, School of Medicine faculty, students, staff and postdocs.YesActive and PassiveUnknown
CurvitaTM Profile ManagerAllUnknownNo networkingUnknown
CUSP - Columbia University Scientific ProfilesAll Columbia facultyYesActiveUnknown
Digital VitaAllYesPassiveUnknown
Elsevier's Pure (now integrated with SciVal Experts)Any researchers can be includedYes the Administration module enables users to enter content into their profiles via forms, uploads or imports. Content types supported include (but not limited to): Persons, awarded grants, journals, org units, projects, events, equipment, activities, press clippings, funding opportunities, research outputs (from journal articles to memorandums of understanding), impacts, applications, datasets, student theses, courses taught and prizesPassiveYes the Funding Discovery module within Pure automatically recommends funding opportunities from SciVal Funding and suggested collaborators to profiled researchers with no manual effort.
Elsevier's SciValAll published researchersYes, SciVal links to profiles in Scopus and researchers can submit feedback on profiles within Scopus to have papers added or removed.PassiveNo
Epernicus Solutions & Epernicus NetworkAnyone who enters a profile (for Epernicus Network)Yes (for Epernicus Network)PassiveUnknown
EpistemioAny researcher who creates a profileYesN/ANo
ERIM Member Profile System (ERIM MIS)Multiple faculties at Erasmus use itUnknownActiveUnknown
EUREKA!TM Enhancing Student ResearchUniversity of Texas at Austin facultyUnknownNo networkingUnknown
Expertise @ MarylandAllUnknownCurrently passive, but building activeUnknown
Faculty Profile SystemAny faculty at UC IrvineYesNo networkingUnknown
Faculty Research Information Profile (FRIP)N/AN/AN/AN/A
Faculty Scholarly Productivity IndexFederally funded, published facultyUnknownNo networkingUnknown
GENIUSAny faculty member who creates a profile on the systemYesPassiveUnknown
GoogleAnyone can be searched on GoogleN/ANo networkingNo
HUBzeroIndiana University, Indiana University School of Medicine, Purdue University, U. of Notre Dame, RegenstriefUnknownActiveUnknown
iamResearcherAny researcher who creates a profileYesPassive (?)Unknown
iAMscientistAny researcher who creates a profileYesPassiveUnknown
i2iConnectIndustry licensing representativesUnknownPassiveUnknown
InCitesAll publishedYesPassiveNo
INDUREAll faculty at 4 Indiana institutionsUnknownPassiveUnknown
LatticeGridCurrently Medical School faculty only. Developed for biomedical research organizationsYes (Users can update the Medical School faculty database, which then feeds LatticeGridPassive)Yes (Connected to a Northwestern tool called FacultyConnect to match faculty with a special limited set of Northwestern-specific non-federal funding opportunities in the life and biomedical sciences domains)
Lattes DatabaseCurriculum and institutions database of Science and Technology areas in Brazil. Anyone can create a profile.YesNo apparent networkingUnknown
LinkedInAnyone who creates a LinkedIn profileYesPassive and ActiveUnknown
Life Science NetworkAnyone who creates a profileYesActive and PassiveNo
LokiAll faculty at University of IowaYesPassiveUnknown
LoopAnyone who creates a profileYesPassive and ActiveUnknown
LyteratiFaculty, academic administrators (department chairs, deans, provost), center directors, grad students, staffYesActive and PassiveYes (through advanced searching and web profile exploration)
McCormick Collaboration Visualization ToolAll Northwestern publications from Web of ScienceNoPassiveNo
MizzouLinksCurrently a pilot group from two Missouri interdisciplinary centersUnknownPassiveUnknown
MyScienceWorkAnyone who creates a profileYesActive and PassiveUnknown
OSU:proAll OSU facultyUnknownNo apparent networkingUnknown
Pivot3 million profiles (and growing, according to the publisher). Profiles are compiled even without user registration, but can only be viewed by registered usersYesPassiveYes through a direct connection with the COS product
ProfilesAll users as defined by each institution. "Profiles" are also created for institutions, departments, concepts, publications, networks, events or any other class defined in the ontologyYesPassive and ActiveNo
ReachNCUNC faculty in various disciplines, Duke, and RTI FellowsYesPassiveNo
Research AcceleratorAny member of the Yale research enterpriseYes (?)PassiveUnknown
ResearcherIDAnyone who creates a profileYesPassive and ActiveUnknown
SciENcvNot yet establishedNot yet establishedNo apparent networkingNo
Symplectic ElementsAll users may be included (as defined by institution).Yes (Profiles are automatically populated with data, as dictated by internal and external data feeds. Some profile data can be manually curated by end users, proxy users, or administrators. Users can create new relationships between elements.)Passive and ActiveYes - Through integrations with research news and funding information provider *Research, researchers are able to get tailored funding opportunities linked to their Elements accounts.
VIVOAll users (as defined by the institution)YesPassive and ActivePossibly
YaffleAll Memorial University facultyYesPassiveUnknown

Controlled vocabulary, ontologies and author disambiguation[edit]

This table provides information on the types of controlled vocabulary or thesauri used by the tools, as well as ontologies supported and whether author disambiguation is performed by the software.

Research Networking ToolThesaurus/Controlled Vocabulary UsedOntology/Ontologies SupportedAutomatic Author Disambiguation
Academic RoomunknownunknownNo
Activity InsightYesFully customizable data collection screens; campus, college and department-defined ontologiesYes
C-IKNOWNot applicableUses elements of FOAF and Dublin Core in RDF; uses Pellet reasoning engineNo (but can be done in conjunction with software developed at Northwestern University)
PROFILES by Mentis® (formerly Collaborative Partnership / Profile System)

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