Cover Letter Glossary Of Knitting

Knitting Abbreviations Glossary

This is a comprehensive glossary of common knitting abbreviations that you are likely to find in a pattern. Wherever it's relevant, I've included links to videos which cover the technique.

 

"
inch(es)
( )
work instructions between parentheses, in the place directed
[ ]
work instructions between brackets, as many times as directed
*
repeat instructions following the single asterisk as directed
* *
repeat instructions between asterisks, as directed
alt
alternate
approx
approximately
beg
begin(ning)
bet
between
BO
bind off
view continental video
view english video
CA
color A
CB
color B
CC
contrasting color
cdd
centered double decrease. sl2 tog, K1, pass the slipped stitches over (together)
view english video
view continental video
ch
chain (using crochet hook). Start with a slip knot.
view video
cm
centimeter(s)
cn
cable needle: short knitting needle, used as an aid in the twisting of a cable.
CO
cast on
view video
cont
continue
cross 2 L
cross 2 stitches to the left (to work a cable). Slip 2 stitches p-wise onto a cable needle, let cable needle hang in front of work as you knit the next couple of stiches; then knit stitches off of cable needle.
cross 2 R
cross 2 stitches to the right (to work a cable). slip 2 stitches p-wise onto a cable needle, let cable needle hang in back of work as you knit the next couple of stiches; then knit stitches off of cable needle.
dc
double crochet
dec(s)
decrease(s)
DK
Double Knitting weight yarn. Slightly finer than worsted weight.
dpn aka dp
double pointed needle(s). A short needle with points at both ends, used in sets or 4 or 5, for knitting in the round.
EON
end of needle
EOR
end of row
FC
front cross (in working a cable)
fl
front loop(s)
foll
follow; follows; following
g aka gr
gram
g st
garter stitch
grp(s)
group(s)
hdc
half double crochet
hk
hook
in(s)
inch(es)
inc(s)
increase(s)
incl
including
k
knit
view continental video
view english video
k tbl aka K1 tbl, K1b
Knit stitch through the back loop
view continental video
view english video
k-b
knit stitch in row below. (Infrequently used for knit through the back loop; see K tbl)
view continental video
view english video
k-wise
knit-wise. Insert right needle into the stitch as if to knit it
k1 f&b aka kfb
knit 1 stitch in the front, then in the back. This is also called a Bar Increase
view english video
view continental video
k2tog
knit 2 stitches together
view english video
view continental video
k2tog tbl
knit 2 stitches together, through the back loops
view english video
view continental video
kll
knit left loop. An increase
view english video
view continental video
krl
knit right loop. An increase
view english video
view continental video
LC
left cross (to work a cable). As in: cross 2 L
LH
left hand
lp(s)
loop(s)
LT
left twist (where two stitches cross each other, as in the smallest cable stitch possible)
m
meter(s)
M1
Make 1. This means to increase a stitch. If the method isn't specified, use whichever increase you like, for instance M1F.
M1A
make 1 away. An Increase
view english video
view continental video
M1L aka M1, M1F
make 1 (front)(left). An increase. From the front, lift loop between stitches with left needle, knit into back of loop
view continental video
view english video
M1R aka M1B
make 1 (back) (right). An increase. From the back, lift loop between stitches with left needle, knit into front of loop
view continental video
view english video
M1T
make 1 towards. An Increase
view english video
view continental video
MB
make bobble
mc
main color
mm
millimeters(s)
no
number
oz
ounce(s)
p
purl
view english video
view continental video
p tbl aka P1 tbl, P1b
purl through the back loop
view continental video
view english video
p-b
purl stitch in the row below. (infrequently used to mean purl stitch in the back loop; see p tbl)
view continental video
view english video
p-wise
purl wise: Insert right needle down into the front loop, or up into the back loop for tbl
p1 f&b aka pfb
purl the front of a stitch, then purl the back of the same stitch
view english video
view continental video
p2tog
purl 2 together
view continental video
view english video
p2tog tbl
purl 2 together through the back loops
view english video
view continental video
pat(s) aka patt(s)
pattern(s)
pm
place marker
pnso
pass next stitch over
pop
popcorn stitch
prev
previous
psso
pass the slipped stitch over (as in slip 1, knit 1, psso)
pu
pick up stitches
view video
RC
right cross (to work a cable), as in: cross 2 R
rem
remaining
rep
repeat(s)
rev St st
Reverse stockinette/stocking stitch. The "purl" side of plain, stockinette stitch. Purled on RS, knitted on WS
RH
right hand
rib
ribbing: vertical columns of knit and purl stitches, side by side, as in K1, P1 ribbing
rnd(s)
round(s). In circular knitting, a "row" is called a "round."
RS
right side, for instance the outside of a sweater. Stated to indicate which side is facing you when carrying out instructions
RT
right twist (where two stitches cross each other, as in the smallest cable stitch possible)
sc
single crochet
sk
skip
sk2p
slip1, knit 2 tog, pass slipped stitch over. (a double decrease)
view english video
view continental video
SKP aka skpo
"Slip, Knit, Pass." Slip a stitch, knit the next stitch, pass the slipped stitch over the knit one. The same as: sl1, k1, psso
view continental video
view english video
sl aka s
slip a stitch. If they don't specify, slip the stitch purl-wise....Unless you are decreasing: then, slip it knit-wise on the knit rows, and purl-wise on the purl rows. (According to Vogue Knitting)
sl st
slip stitch(es)
sl1, k1, psso
slip1, knit1, pass the slipped stitch over. The same as SKP
view english video
view continental video
sl1k aka sl 1 k-wise
slip a stitch knit-wise
view continental video
view english video
sl1p aka sl 1 p-wise
slip a stitch purl-wise
view continental video
view english video
slip knot
an adjustable loop, used to begin many cast-on methods
view video
sp(s)
space(s)
ss
slip stitch (Canadian)
ssk
slip, slip, knit slipped stitches tog. A decrease
view continental video
view english video
ssk (improved)
sl 1, sl 1 p-wise, knit slipped sts tog
view english video
view continental video
ssp
slip, slip, purl. A decrease, usually done on the purl-side
view continental video
sssk
slip, slip, slip, knit 3 slipped stitches together. A double decrease
view continental video
view english video
st (s)
stitch(es)
St st
Stockinette/Stocking stitch
tbl
through the back loop
tog
together
won
wool over needle
wrn
wool round needle
WS
wrong side, for instance the inside of the sweater. Stated to indicate which side is facing you when carrying out instructions
wyib
with yarn in back
wyif
with yarn in front
yb aka ybk
yarn to the back
yd(s)
yard(s)
yfon
yarn forward and over needle. Same as yo
yfrn
yarn forward and 'round needle. Same as yo
yfwd aka yf
yarn forward
yo
yarn over: wrap the yarn around right needle
view continental video
view english video
yo2 aka yo twice
yarn over twice
yon
yarn over needle. Same as yo
yrn
yarn 'round needle. Same as yo

Having trouble working out what the abbreviations mean on knitting patterns? Follow our guide to basic knitting abbreviations.

Practically all knitting patterns use some sort of abbreviations. Each pattern will have its own brief description of most common abbreviations (k, knit) and with more detailed description of specific abbreviations (c6b, cable 6 back).

Some widely used abbreviations have more or less the same meaning, but there could be exceptions. There is a need to standardised abbreviations globally but we’re explaining UK abbreviations in this feature.

To make the instructions concise and easy to follow the most regularly used words are either shortened (foll – following) or letters are used to describe what is needed to be done next (tbl – through back of stitches).

Listed below in alphabetical order, are the most commonly used abbreviations with extended description of their meaning.

Basic knitting abbreviations

alt:Alternate – worked on every other row or stitch

beg: Begin or beginning – to start as specified or position to be worked at or from, measured from or marked

cont: Continue – carry on working

dec: Decrease or decreasing – by working 2 or more stitches together.

    • Instructions will state how many stitches are to be decreased and quite often will have a row or rows set out to show how the stitches should be decreased. If no specific instructions are given how to decrease, work as follows:
    • To dec 1 st – The right-hand needle is inserted knitwise or purlwise in next 2 stitches on left-hand needle at the same time and complete as if knitting or purling 1 stitch, thus making 1 stitch out of 2.
    • To dec 2 sts – The right-hand needle is inserted knitwise or purlwise in next 3 stitches on left-hand needle at the same time and complete as if knitting or purling 1 stitch, thus making 1 stitches out of 3.
    • If more stitches need to be decreased – insert needle into number of stitches to be decreased plus one more and complete as above.

foll: Following

gst: Garter stitch – knit every stitch on every row. (Also refers to texture of fabric produced by knitting every stitch.)

inc: Increase or increasing – by working twice or more times into same stitch.

    • Instructions will state how many stitches to increase and quite often will have row or rows set out to how the stitches should be increased. If no specific instructions are given, work as follows:
    • To inc 1 st – Knit or purl in next stitch, but do not drop this stitch off left needle, work into back of stitch again, then drop this stitch off left needle.
    • To inc 2 or more sts – Keep working into back and front of stitch until required number of stitches are increased (the number of times worked into a stitch would be the number of stitches increased, plus first original stitch).

k:Knit

    • k st – With yarn at back, insert point of right-hand needle in front of stitch from left to right on left-hand needle, bring yarn under and over the top of point of right needle, draw loop through stitch and drop this stitch off left needle.
    • k row or rows – Knit ever stitch across each row until required number of rows have been worked.

m1: Make one – with point of left needle pick up horizontal loop lying between stitch just worked and next stitch and knit or purl into the back of it.

p:Purl

    • p st- With yarn at front, insert point of right hand needle in front of stitch from right to left on left needle, bring yarn over and under the top of point of right needle, draw loop through stitch and drop this stitch off left needle.
    • p row or rows – Purl ever stitch across each row until required number of rows have been worked.

part: Pattern – texture of fabric created by stitches as set out on stated rows. (Also means, continue working or maintaining working stitches as set out before.)

psso: Pass slipped stitch over –insert point of left needle into front of slipped stitch (second stitch) on right needle, lift this stitch and place over first stitch on right needle.

p2sso: Pass 2 slipped stitch over –insert point of left needle into front of first then second slipped stitches on right needle, lift these stitches and place over first stitch on right needle.

rem: Remain or remaining

rep: Repeat

RS: Right side

skpo: Slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped stitch over

sl: Slip

    • sl 1 – Insert point of right needle in front knit wise (from left to right) or purl wise from (right to left) of next stitch on left needle and slip this stitch off left needle without working into it.
    • sl 2 or more stitches – work in same way as sl1 until 2 or stated number of stitches have been slipped.

st(s): Stitch or stitches

stst: Stocking stitch – knit all stitches on right side rows and purl all stitches on wrong side rows. Also means the texture of fabric that is created by knitting and purling alternately to produce smooth surface on knit (right) side and ridged surface on purl (wrong) side.

    • tog: Together work 2 or more stitches together at the same time
    • k2tog – Insert point of right hand needle in front of second stitch, then in front of first stitch on left-hand needle, bring yarn under and over the top of point of right-hand needle, draw loop through both stitches and drop them off left-hand needle.
    • p2tog – Insert point of right hand needle in front of first stitch, then in front of second stitch on left needle, bring yarn over and under the top of point of right-hand needle, draw loop through both stitches and drop them off left-hand needle.
    • k3tog or p3tog or more stitches – Work as k2tog or p2tog, but inserting needle through 3 or more stitches.

t/l: Through back of loop

    • k1tbl – With yarn at back, insert point of right-hand needle from right to left in back of stitch on left-hand needle, bring yarn under and over the top of point of right-hand needle, draw loop through stitch and drop this stitch off left-hand needle.
    • p1tbl – With yarn at front, insert point of right-hand needle from right to left in back of stitch on left-hand needle, bring yarn over and under the top of point of right-hand needle, draw loop through stitch and drop this stitch off left-hand needle.

ws: Wrong side

yf: Yarn forward is usually worked between 2 knit stitches – bring yarn between needles from back to front of work and over point of right needle to make a st.

yon: Yarn over needle is usually worked between purl and knit stitches – take yarn over point of right-hand needle to make a st.

yrn: Yarn round needle

    • When worked between 2 purl stitches – take yarn over and under point of right-hand needle, bringing it to front of work to make a st.
    • Worked between knit and purl stitches – take yarn between needles from back to front, then over and under point of right-hand needle, bringing it to front of work to make a st.

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